Southern Federal District
Time: Moscow Time Zone (MSK/MSD). UTC offset is +0300 (MSK)/+0400 (MSD).
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Federal district: Southern Federal District.
Main cities: Gudermes, Argun, Shali, Urus-Martan.
Land and Resources: The republic is located in the Northern Caucasus mountains. It borders Stavropol Krai to the northwest, the republic of Dagestan to the northeast and east, Georgia to the south, and the republics of Ingushetia and North Ossetia to the west. Situated in the eastern part of the North Caucasus, Chechnya is surrounded on nearly all sides by Russian Federal territory. In the west, it borders North Ossetia and Ingushetia, in the north, Stavropol Krai, in the east, Dagestan, and to the south, Georgia. The rivers are: Terek, Sunzha, Argun River.
Climate: Different climatic zones, ranging from semidesert to cold moist mountainous climate. The republic gets a lot of sunshine through the whole year. Summer is long and hot, and winter is short and relatively mild. The average July temperature in Tersko-Kumskaya plain is +25. The air is humid all year round.
Transportation: The railway communication was restored in 2005, and Grozny`s Severny airport was reopened in 2007 with three weekly flights to Moscow.
Chechnya is among the Russian regions where historical and cultural monuments are considered valuable not only in republican and All-Russian scale but in world scale as well. At present there are 218 facilities of cultural heritage in the plains of Chechnya and are registered by the government, and 25 archeological monuments out of these are of federal significance.
The capital city of the Chechen Republic, Grozny, used to be a showcase example of modern architecture. Grozny is about to turn 200. It was founded as a military outpost in 1818. Members of an influential secret society - Decembrists, the famous poet Mikhail Lermontov and Leo Tolstoy, to name but a few celebrities, visited that city. It was in Grozny that the poet and playwright Alexander Griboyedov was taken in police custody on suspicion of complicity in the Decembrist conspiracy. The city had for 100 years been proud of the house built in preparation for a visit by the famous Russian singer Fyodor Shalyapin. Grozny was known for its modern architecture and as a spa town (it had hydropathic centers, with hydrogen sulphide and radon baths) but nearly all the town was destroyed or seriously damaged during the Chechen Wars.
There was one Chechen and one Russian-language drama theater, a puppet theater, a circus, a number of movie theaters, a concert hall, two museums.
A new Mosque recently constructed in Grozny is dedicated to Akhmad Kadyrov, a slain President of the Chechen Republic.
The open-air ethnographic museum “Dondi-Yurt” is a landmark feature of the Chechen village Urus-Martan. The “Dondi-Yurt” boasts a complex of buildings that is based on the motifs of the traditional Chechen architecture. The complex includes replicas of dwelling towers and watchtowers which were erected by use of traditional engineering techniques. At the foot of towers lie stone ancient crypts of enormous size.
Chechnya`s most famous historical and cultural monument, Argun state historical and architectural and natural museum-reserve is near the border of Dagestan, Georgia and Republic of Ingushetia. There are about 1 000 facilities of historical and cultural legacy on the territory. Among these are archeological monuments, architectural complexes of the Middle Age, military, guarding and living towers, caves, grottoes, crypts, dead cities and unique natural reserves, protected natural landscapes forest and water resources and mineral water springs.
Medieval stone towers in Chechnya. The mountainous part of the Chechen Republic boasts stone buildings that tower over the terraced villages. These towers are seen as the highest achievement of Chechen architecture and may also be seen as a stone chronicle of Chechen history. Most of the towers were built in the period between the 14th and 18th centuries. There were three kinds of towers: residential, watch and fortification.
Encarta World Atlas
http://chechnya.gov.ru/ - Official website
http://grozny-virtual.su - Official website