Volga Federal District
Time: Moscow Time Zone (MSK/MSD).
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Federal district: Volga (Privolzhsky) Federal District.
Main cities: Novocheboksarsk, Kanash, Alatyr, and Shumerlya.
Land and Resources: It occupies a relatively small area (18 300 km2). Chuvashia is located in the center of the European part of Russia, in the heart of the Volga-Vyatka region, midway between Nizhny Novgorod and Kazan. It is bordered to the north and west by the Volga River, with the Mari El Republic to the north and Nizhny Novgorod Oblast to the west. To the south it borders Mordovia and Ulyanovsk Oblast, to the east Tatarstan. The capital city of Cheboksary is the republic`s major industrial center. Cheboksary is situated on the banks of the Volga River, approximately 650 km east of Moscow. The Chuvash Republic possesses a unique natural environment. The Volga, Sura, and Tsivil rivers are the sources of water reserves, along with the four hundred lakes scattered like pearls throughout the republic. The forests that cover a third of Chuvashia`s territory, mainly along the Sura River and in the Zavolzhe, are among the republic`s riches.
Climate: The republic has a temperate continental climate with temperatures ranging from +19 °C in July to -13 °C in January.
Transportation: Cheboksary is a port on the Volga River. There are railway, motor, water, and air transport connections with other regions.
Cheboksary was founded in 1469. The main points of interest are architectural monuments of the Old City dating from the 17th and 18th centuries, the regional museum of Chuvash folk art, and the V.I. Chapaev Museum in Cheboksary and the memorial museum homes of sculptor S.D. Erzya and academician and shipbuilder A.N. Krylov in Alatyr.
Many architectural monuments of past centuries are preserved in Cheboksary, giving the city distinctiveness and a unique beauty. The old part of the city is conventionally divided into the Western and Eastern hillsides, the Central part, and Vladimirskaya Hill.
Vladimirskaya Hill is the part of the city that several centuries ago received merchant ships that came up the deep Cheboksarka River. The large complex of buildings of the Trinity (Troitsky) Monastery is located on the Western Hillside, while the Central part is the site of Troitsky Cathedral, the gateway Church of Fedor Stratilat, and the Church of the Tolgskaya Icon of the Mother of God (Tolgskoi bozhei materi); on the Eastern Hillside formed by the high bank of the Volga and Cheboksary Bay, there are interesting monuments of the stone architecture of early masters in the area of the river port and Kalinin Street. The building of the Resurrection (Voskresenskaya) Church (1758) on Kalinin Street is an example of the original native art of the old masters, including stonemasons, artists, engravers, blacksmiths, stone- and woodcarvers, gilders, and casters. There is also the Monument of Glory raised in Cheboksary in honor of the 35th anniversary of the Victory in the Great Patriotic War (World War II).
Like many Russian cities, Cheboksary possesses many cultural opportunities. There is an opera-ballet theatre, a philharmonic orchestra, and numerous theaters (showing productions in both Russian and Chuvash languages). However, a very popular gathering place for the locals is the recently completed zaliv (bay), beautifully situated in the middle of the city. There people gather to stroll, visit cafes, and socialize. Cheboksary also has beautiful boardwalks and beaches along the Volga River, where people swim in the summer. There are also a number of heated pools, health clubs, and museums (including Russia`s only beer museum).
Gulf in city centre of Cheboksary
the Vladimir church, Cheboksary
Russian drama theatre, Cheboksary
Railway station, Cheboksary
Monument to Chapaev
Encarta World Atlas
http://www.chuvashia.gov.ru/ - Official site of the government of the Chuvash Republic
http://gov.cap.ru/main.asp?govid=81 - Official website