Siberian Federal District
Evenk Autonomous Area
Time: Krasnoyarsk Time Zone (KRAT/KRAST). UTC offset is +0700 (KRAT)/+0800 (KRAST).
Local time now:
Federal district: Siberian Federal District (in 2005 Evenk and Taymyr Autonomous Okrugs were merged into Krasnoyarsk Krai effective January 1, 2007).
Capital: the urban-type settlement of Tura.
Main cities: none.
Land and Resources: The Evenk Autonomous Area is in the most unfavorable geographical location of all administrative units of the Russian Federation in the Siberian Federal District. Evenkia occupies the central part of the Central Siberian Plateau in the basin of the Podkamennaya and Lower (Nizhnyaya) Tunguska rivers (tributaries of the Yenisei River). The most elevated part of the area is the Putorana Plateau in the north, the highest point being Kamen Mountain (1701 m). The geographic center of Russia is near Vivi Lake. The area borders on Krasnoyarsk Territory in the south and southwest, Irkutsk Region in the south and southeast, Taimyr (Dolgan-Nenets) Autonomous Area in the north, and the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) in the northeast.
Owing to its north-south extent, the area is located within various national zones, from Arctic and subarctic tundra, forest tundra and taiga, to alpine forests. The relief is predominately mountainous; tundra covers about 10% of the area`s territory. Intermountain basins and taiga and tundra plains complete the geographical picture.
Climate: Harsh continental climate in the southern and central parts. Maximum July temperatures reach up to +35oC, in winter up to -60oC. Hollows between mountains have their special microclimate. In the northern part summer temperatures reach +20oC, winter -40oC. Almost half the territory is located to the north of the Arctic circle; so the period of Polar day in summer is 3 months, Polar night in winter two months.
Transportation: Tura is connected by air to Krasnoyarsk and district centers. Transportation is underdeveloped, with no regular service. The main forms of transport are air, water, and traditional forms, i.e., reindeer. There is an almost complete absence of year-round roads: the total length of paved public and departmental roads in the area is only 17 km. In winter, a winter road (zimnik) runs from Ust-Ilimsk to Evenkia`s area centers. The road operates for two or three months under extreme temperature conditions, and therefore cannot guarantee reliable transportation.
The territory is home to a number of small ethnic groups like the Kets (718 people), Nganasans (809 people), and Enets (209 people) with unique languages, cultures, and religions. These peoples still preserve the ancient taiga and tundra culture in their practice of shamanism, rites, ancient medicine, way of life, and occupations. Native craftsmen produced beautiful articles of wood, bone, stone, and metal. People composed songs, epics, fairy tales, myths, and legends. Their works represent a priceless legacy of the northern peoples. Passed down orally from generation to generation, they had enormous force.
Northern folklore is unique and distinctive. Worldly wisdom, national color, and artistic expression are inherent in the folk tales, legends, and traditions. It vividly expresses the beauty of the north and the deep wisdom and intellect of its small but great peoples.
Anyone can be charmed by the beauty of nature in Evenkia; but it takes a true artist to not only perceive this beauty, but also to reproduce it on canvas and paper. Evenkia has been the home of many such artists. Evenk artists like P. Pikunov, N. Botulu, A. Emidak, S. Salatkin, N. Khukochar, and A. Amelkin are acknowledged masters of the visual arts. It is also not surprising that people who came to Evenkia at various times and fell under the spell of the taiga landscapes went on to perfect their artistic skills here.
The austere, eternally youthful beauty of the tundra and taiga attracts people who like to travel. The dream of every traveler is to roam through these places. Here you can gather minerals, hunt in the virgin taiga and live off "living silver" in the numerous rivers. However, the territory`s special pride and its distinctive calling card are reindeer and the majestic moose.
The Evenk Autonomous Area is a free tourist zone (FTZ). A total area of more than 1.5 million km2 has been proposed for tourist development. The FTZ is located within the Arctic and subarctic tundra, forest tundra, dense southern taiga, and alpine forest zones. The area has a large number of crystal-clear, mineralized mountain, taiga, and tundra rivers, both fast- and slow-moving. There are tens of thousands of lakes, including some of the largest and deepest lakes in Russia after Lake Baikal, e.g., Taimyr, Dyupkin, and Khantaika. The largest waterfalls in Russia are located on the Kureika and Yadun rivers, and the highest density of waterfalls is found in the Putorana Mountains.
Scientists consider the area to one of the ecologically cleanest regions of Russia, and possibly in the world (the area of Kotu and the Moyarskaya basin and the area between the Anabara and Putorana mountains). Plateau Putorana is one of the most mysterious, inexperienced and unique in zoo-geographical aspect region of Yenisey North.
Visitors to the FTZ can tour the site where the Tunguska meteorite fell, see the world`s largest meteorite crater, and stand at the geographical center of Russia at Vivi Lake.
Bird colonies, polar bear habitats on the shores of Taimyr Lake, the world`s largest surface agate-amethyst deposit (Nerangda Lake), the world`s largest wild reindeer herd, and a traditional mountain burial ground of shamans are all found in the area.
Excursions led by experienced hunters have been developed for organized tour groups. The routes are supplied with safety equipment and radio connections. In addition to educational tours, there are other special tours, e.g., survival tours, ethnographic tours, hunting trips (grouse, bear, moose, wolf, and sable), fishing trips, and ice fishing.
Half of the area of the FTZ is located north of the Arctic Circle, so in summer, there are the White Nights (midnight sun) and in winter, the Northern Lights.
monument to the Tungus meteorite in Vanavara
Encarta World Atlas
http://www.evenkya.ru/ - Official Site of Evenk Autonomous Area