Central Federal District
Time: Moscow Time Zone (MSK/MSD). UTC offset is +0300 (MSK)/+0400 (MSD).
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Federal district: Central Federal District.
Main cities: Rostov, Rybinsk, Uglich, Pereyaslavl-Zalessky, Myshkin.
Land and Resources: The Yaroslavl Region is located in the heart of central Russia, on the Volga River. It is surrounded by Tver, Moscow, Ivanovo, Vladimir, Kostroma, and Vologda Oblasts. This geographic location affords the oblast the advantages of proximity to Moscow and St. Petersburg. The Volga River flows through Yaroslavl Oblast, with two major dams constructed at Uglich and Rybinsk. The Rybinsk Reservoir, filled between 1941 and 1947, is one of the largest in Europe; its filling flooded the town of Mologa and several hundreds of villages, necessitating the relocation of some 150,000 in Yaroslavl, Vologda, and Kalinin (now Tver) Oblasts.
Climate: The climate is moderate continental, with snowy winters and a short but rather hot summer. Formerly almost all territory was covered with thick conifer forest (fir, pine), but now a large portion of it has been replaced with birch-and-aspen secondary forests and crop fields. Swamps also take considerable areas.
Transportation: Yaroslavl has water, railway, highway connections with other regions. Public transport in the city consists of buses, trolleybuses, trams and marshrutkas. There are three bridges across the Volga: two auto and one railway bridge. There are three airports in Yaroslavl.
The region includes a number of towns famous for their history and architectural ensembles (Rostov, Rybinsk, Uglich, Pereyaslavl-Zalessky, Myshkin, etc).
The historical part of the Yaroslavl, a World Heritage Site, is located at the confluence of the Volga and the Kotorosl Rivers.
The region is a fountain of information for those interested in Russian history, architecture or culture. The abundance of museums, Old Russian churches, monasteries and buildings, as well as benevolent atmosphere of the region no doubt will touch the very bottom of your heart. The fascination of the Yaroslavl region is also in the fact that being near the capital of Russia it has retained up to now its unique colouring of a genuine Russian province. Coziness and paradise-like atmosphere of a small town, cordiality and hospitality of the locals, a slow pace of the Russian province’s life - all this gives our guests the opportunity to understand the famous Russian sole.
Yaroslavl region is the great historic centre - the pearl of the Golden Ring of Russia. The main natural treasure of the Yaroslavl Region is the Volga River, on which stand a number of ancient Russian towns.
The total number of local historical and cultural monuments is over 5000, the most ancient of them being the Pereslavl-Zalesskiy Saviour-Transfiguration Cathedral erected in 1152.
Apart from the Spaso-Preobrazhensky ("Transfiguration of the Saviour") Monastery the oldest churches in the city date back to the 17th century and belong to the so called Yaroslavl type (built of red brick, with bright tiled exteriors). Those of St. Nicholas Nadein and Elijah the Prophet have some of the Golden ring's most impressive frescoes.
Many Orthodox shrines and monasteries lie along the banks of the Volga
Yaroslavl is the site of the Volkov Theater (built 1750), the oldest theater in Russia.
Temples: the city has many Russian Orthodox churches, one Russian Old Believers church, one Baptist church, one Lutheran church, one mosque and one synagogue.
The center contains the majority of landmarks and attraction in the city, including the Volkov theater, the Church of Elijah the prophet, the soccer stadium, the Volga embankment and the monastery, often mistakenly called the kremlin. Pyatyorka is located north of the center, but still under its administrative jurisdiction. Pyatyorka is largely a residential region with very little of note, aside from a few Houses of Culture.
Dating back to the 15-16th centuries are such architectural monuments as the Assumption Cathedral in the Rostov Kremlin, the Appanage Princes' Chambers in the Uglich Kremlin, the Yaroslavl Saviour-Transfiguration Cathedral, the Rostov Abraham's Monastery, the Pereslavl-Zalesskiy Nikitsky and the Trinity-Danilov Monasteries and many others.
Lots of monuments that the Yaroslavl Region boasts of are real masterpieces of the 17th -century architecture. This period known as "the Yaroslavl Renaissance" saw the construction of such ecclesiastical buildings as the Church of St. John-the-Baptizer with its spectacular frescos second to none in the number of plots depicted, the Korovniky Temple Ensemble, the Church of St. Ilya-the-Prophet, the fine specimen of the famous Yaroslavl School of architecture and many others.
Each of the Yaroslavl Region's historical towns has its own unique character manifested in rather original festivals, which attract lots of visitors from all over the world. Among such cultural events are the Rostov European Cultural Heritage and the Winter Fairy-Tale Festivals, the Uglich Children's Prince Dimitry Festival, the Myshkin Mouse and Valenki Festivals, the Pereslavl-Zalessky Peter’s-the-Great Assemblies, the Rybinsk Merchant Day to name just a few.
Theatres are very popular in the Yaroslavl Region. More than 20 theatres, of which 5 are professional, are located in the region. Among them is the first Russian national theatre - the Yaroslavl Academic Drama Theatre named after F.G. Volkov founded in 1750, the Yaroslavl Young Spectator's Theatre and the Yaroslavl Puppet Theatre. The cultural life of Yaroslavl is also ornamented by organ concerts in the Regional Philharmonic Society Hall.
The last few years have also seen the establishment of Alpine and cross-country skiing tracks facilities offering high quality services and stimulating development of sports parks capable of organizing both winter and summer entertainments. Yachting is among the most rapidly developing local sports. Among the most popular kinds of recreation is the so-called "quiet hunting after the gifts of nature" – picking mushrooms, berries and herbs.
Epiphany (Bogoyavlenskaya) Square
Tikhon's Church (1825-1831)
Church of the Saviour in the City (1672)
The Yaroslavl Historical and Architectural Museum Preserve
The Arcade (Gostiny dvor)
Nikola Nadeina Church (1620-1621)
Nativity Church (1644)
Ilya the Prophet Church (1647-1650)
Yaroslavl's parks and squares are embellished with monuments to actor and playwright F.V. Volkov, poets N.A. Nekrasov and L.E. Trefolev, Marshal of the Soviet Union F.I. Tolbukhin, and a memorial honoring the deeds of Yaroslavl residents during the Second World War
Karabikha, the estate (now a museum) where Nekrasov lived from 1862 to 1875
the Spaso-Preobrazhenskiy cathedral of the Spassky monastery
the Municipal duma
Encarta World Atlas