Central Federal District
Time: Moscow Time Zone (MSK/MSD).
Local time now:
Federal district: Central Federal District.
Main cities: Kineshma, Shuya, Vichuga, Teikovo, and Rodniki.
Land and Resources: Ivanovo Region is located in the central part of European Russia 300 km northeast of Moscow. It is situated in the center of the Russian Plain in marshy woodlands with lakes and peat bogs. Most of the region lies between the Volga and Klyazma rivers. It is part of the Central economic district and the Central Federal District. Ivanovo Oblast borders Kostroma Oblast (N), Nizhny Novgorod Oblast (E), Vladimir Oblast (S), and Yaroslavl Oblast (W). The Volga River flows through the northern part of the oblast. There are nearly 2000 rivers and more than 200 lakes in the region. The largest river is the Volga, with the Gorki Reservoir. The region is located at the meeting place of the European taiga and mixed forest zones. Forests cover about 40% of its area, especially on the left bank of the Volga (Zavolzhye) and Yuzhny and Teikovsky districts (birch, pine, aspen, and spruce).
Climate: Ivanovo Region has a temperate continental climate with relatively hot summers and cold winters with persistent snow cover. January is the coldest month, with an average temperature of -12 °C; the warmest month is July, with an average temperature of +18 °C.
Transportation: The main transportation junctions are Ivanovo and Kineshma. There are highway, railway, water and air connections with other regions. The Volga is navigable. There is an international airport in Ivanovo. Public transport in Ivanovo consists of buses and trolleybuses.
Ivanovo has traditionally been called the textile capital of Russia. Since most textile workers are women, it has also been known as the "City of Brides". The old artistic trades of lacquer work and miniature painting are well developed.
Ivanovo`s museums preserve objects from the historical past (e.g., the Burylin Association of Historical and Regional Museums).
Ivanovo is a city with rich theatrical traditions. Four professional theaters and several amateur theater studios operate here.
Ivanovo is the most historically and culturally interesting city in Ivanovo Region. Buildings dating from the 18th and 19th centuries lend special color to the city. These buildings include many factories, now monuments of industrial architecture. The first linen mill was constructed in the mid-18th century; by the early 19th century, there were already 150 mills in Ivanovo-Voznesensk, including the Garelin, Marakushev, Fokin, Gandurin, and Burylin factories. Unique churches designed by famous architects like I.E. Bondarenko, K.A. Ton, and F.I. Shekhtel in the 18th and 19th centuries adorned Ivanovo-Voznesensk. One of these buildings is lofty Pokrovsky Cathedral, now the Palace of Art. An old, fairly well preserved cemetery church that has been receiving parishioners since the 17th century is of enormous value. Today, it is known as Uspenskaya Wooden Church. The beautiful building of Kresto-Vozdvizhensky Church rises above Revolution Square. Unique 18th- and 19th-century churches have been preserved and are still functioning in the city of Furmanov. The city of Ivanovo also has many beautiful buildings constructed in the modernist, constructivist, and villa styles that were fashionable in their time. The buildings differ from one another in their particular architecture and features. Examples of these buildings are the Winter Theater on the corner of Red Army and Theater streets, now the House of Culture, and the beautiful Women`s Gymnasium with its oval windows, now Ivanovo School No. 130. The two-story E.I. Kerbitskaya Bookstore on Georgievskaya Street, now the Toy Store at 20 Lenin Street, is distinguished by its original architecture. The Practical School, currently the Art Museum, is another impressive building.
You can learn about the cultural history of this remarkable land at the many museums named after D.G. Burylin. Burylin was a prominent factory owner and collector and connoisseur of rare and beautiful objects. At the end of his life, he donated his priceless lifetime collection of local history, art, and other exhibits to the city.
The ancient land of Ivanovo is an endless source of talented and gifted people. Writers, poets, artists, architects, singers, and composers were born here.
The beauty and originality of Russian folk art is shown best in the unique articles made in Palekh, an unusual village that has given the world some outstanding artists. The artists` craftsmanship that has come down to us from Old Rus was passed on from generation to generation and family to family. The original and distinctive designs of Palekh masters painted on every imaginable kind of box, chest, and casket delight everyone who sees theses unique items. With their lacquer coating, they seem to shine from within, lighting up the fanciful paintings of scenes from fairy tales, heroic epics, and songs. Aleksandr Pushkin`s wonderful stories were also favorite subjects of these artists. The artists were especially fond of Maxim Gorki, since he was once an apprentice there. They used Gorki`s stories, e.g., Danko, Song of the Storm-Petrel, and Song of the Falcon, and his play The Lower Depths as subjects of their paintings. Palekh`s true Russian nature is also reflected in these articles, which depict scenes of leafy white birches, green fields and meadows, and the picturesque Paleshka River surrounding the village.
Icon painting was another ancient art in Palekh. Palekh icon painting developed gradually from the Moscow, Volga, Greek, Byzantine, Stroganov, and Novgorod styles. The distinctive style of Palekh artists took shape in the 18th century, and their work was praised far beyond Russia.
The delightful small city of Ples in Ivanovo Region derives much of its charm from beautiful natural scenery and buildings preserved from the 17th and 18th centuries. In 1982, it received the status of Ples State Historical, Architectural, and Art Museum Preserve. Painter Isaak Ilich Levitan lived and worked in Ples in 1888-1889, where he painted Evening on the Volga, Evening. Golden Reach, Birch Grove, After the Rain. The Reach, and Golden Autumn. Outskirts of Town, and many more. The house where he lived was opened as a museum in 1982. The museum displays his personal belongings, photos, and documents. Along with Levitan`s landscapes, there are also works by the great Russian artists A.K. Savrasov, V.D. Polenov, and I.I. Shishkin.
Ivanovo has inspired and nourished the talent of noted cultural and artistic figures since the early days. The works of brother artists G.G. and N.G. Chernetsov of Palekh and painters Savrasov, I.E. Repin, V.V. Vereshchagin, and B.M. Kustodiev are well known. The family of Ivan Tsvetaev lived here. Tsvetaev was a Russian historian, founder of the Pushkin Museum of Fine Art in Moscow, and father of celebrated poet Marina Tsvetaeva. Ivanovo is also associated with the works of popular writers like P.I. Melnikov-Pechersky, V.G. Korolenko, P.A. Zarubin, and A.A. Potekhin; poets K. Balmont, S.F. Ryskin, and M.A. Dudin; and world-famous composers A.I. Khachaturian, A.P. Borodin, S.V. Rachmaninov, and D.D. Shostakovich. The city of Yurevets is the home of the renowned film producer Andrei Tarkovsky. The house where he was born is now a museum.
The principal centre of tourism is Plyos.
Encarta World Atlas
http://ivadm.ivanovo.ru/ - Official Site of the Administration of Ivanovo Region