Southern Federal District
Time: Moscow Time Zone (MSK/MSD). UTC offset is +0300 (MSK)/+0400 (MSD).
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Federal district: Southern Federal District.
Main cities: Prohladny, Baksan, Nartkala, Terek.
Land and Resources: The Kabardino-Balkar Republic (Kabardino-Balkaria) is located on the northern slopes of the Greater Caucasus, with its central part on the adjoining Kabarda Plain. The republic has an area of 12 500 km2. Kabardino-Balkaria borders on Georgia in the south, Stavropol Territory in the north, the Karachay-Cherkess Republic in the west, and the Republic of North Ossetia in the east and southeast. The terrain is mountainous. Mt. Elbrus (5642 m), the highest peak in the Caucasus, is located in the republic. The main rivers are the Terek, Malka, and Baksan. The mountains of the Central Caucasus are easily the highest in Europe. They are relatively young mountains. Kabardino-Balkaria has a fairly extensive river network, although its density varies, being higher in mountainous areas and lower in the foothills and on the plains. Although the republic has more than 100 lakes, most of them have a small surface area. There are no large lakes at all. Most of the lakes are located in the mountains, where they were formed by glacial and karst processes.
Climate: Climatic conditions vary with altitude. Winter temperatures on the Kabarda Plain range from +1 to -8°C, and summer temperatures, from +20 to +26°C. The corresponding temperatures in mountain areas range down to -20°C in winter and from +4 to +15°C in summer.
Transportation: Transportation is mainly by road and rail. The North Caucasus Railway (Moscow-Rostov-on-Don-Baku) passes through the republic, with a branch line to Nalchik. The most important roads are the Moscow-Tbilisi highway and the highways connecting Nalchik to Stavropol, Grozny, Astrakhan, Sukhumi, and other cities.
The resort and tourist business play a major role in the economy of the republic. There are 343 cultural sites in the republic, including 75 of federal significance.
The territory of modern-day Nalchik was inhabited by native Balkars and Kabardians as far back as 1743, but the modern city dates from the early 19th century when the expanding Russian Empire built a fort there in 1818. Nalchik was chosen the "second cleanest city of Russia" in 2003.
Monument "Forever with Russia"
Within Kabardino-Balkaria are all of the 5000-m Caucasian peaks except Mt. Kazbek, the largest glaciers and swiftest rivers, the amazing Blue Lakes, the famous Bezengiyskaya Wall formed by 13 km of ice, snow, and cliffs at an elevation of more than 4000 m, the Chegemskie waterfalls, picturesque gorges, and a tourist, mountaineering, and alpine ski center at the foot of Mt. Elbrus (Prielbrusye). Nalchik – is the tourism and alpinism center.
Nalchik is a balneological and mountain climatotherapy resort, with several sanatoriums. There are about 40 sanatoria, holiday homes, tourist centers.
Among attractions one can name 2 parks, 6 lakes (some of them artificial, 2 cable-ways, mineral springs, one of the largest in Europe parks, a zoo, a race track, and an observatory.
There is also a balneal and climatic resort in Dolinsk, with its large forest-park and mineral water.
Archeological monuments: Nalchik burial mound. Agubekovskaya site, Dolinskoye settlement.
State Museum of the republic of Kabardino-Balkaria
Memorial house-museum of Marko Vovchok
National Museum of Kabardino-Balkaria
Chegem waterfalls – in Chegem gorge.
Forever with Russia
Sanatoria of Nalchik
Encarta World Atlas
http://www.nalnet.ru/ - Kabardino-Balkar Republic / Government