Volga Federal District
Time: Moscow Time Zone (MSK/MSD). UTC offset is +0300 (MSK)/+0400 (MSD).
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Federal district: Volga (Privolzhsky) Federal District.
Main cities: Kirovo-Chepetsk, Kotelnich, Slobodskoy, Vyatskiye Polyany.
Land and Resources: Kirov Region is located in the eastern part of the East European Plain in central European Russia. The main topographical features are the Vyatskie Ridges in the central part of the region, the Verkhnekamskaya Upland in the northeast, and the Northern (Severnye) Ridges in the north. The region has an area of 120 800 km2. The region borders on Tatarstan and the Republic of Mari El in the south, Volgograd Region in the west, Arkhangelsk Region and the Komi Republic in the north, the Komi-Permyak Autonomous District in the northeast, and the Udmurt Republic in the southeast, which ensures stable internal and foreign economic ties. The main rivers are the Vyatka and Kama, which are part of the Volga Basin.
Climate: The climate is temperate continental with an average January temperature of -14 °C and an average July temperature of +17 °C.
Transportation: Kirov Region has a well-developed transportation system of main railway lines and highways. Kirov is a major railway (the Moscow, Nizhny Novgorod, Kotlas, and Perm lines all pass through it) and highway junction, and there is also a river port and an airport. Public transportation in Kirov consists of trolleybuses, buses and marshrutkas.
The city of Kirov (Vyatka – Khlynov) was founded in 1374. It is an important scientific and cultural center.
Architectural and historical monuments that have been preserved in the city and the region are of great historical significance.
There are 3 theaters, 35 museums (the Vasnetsov Regional Art Museum is one of the country`s leading museums), a museum of anthropology, a philharmonic, an organ hall in Aleksandrovsky Catholic Church, and exhibition halls.
The production of traditional clay toys (figures of ladies in crinolines, hussars, whistles shaped like animals, horsemen, etc.) has been preserved in Dymkovo on the far side of the river from Kirov. Dymkovo toys are made of baked clay with a multicolor design painted in tempera on a white background. The elegant baroque Trinity (Troitskaya) Church dating from 1770-1775 is located in the village of Makarye not far from Dymkovo.
There are more than 3000 monuments of archeology, architecture, history, natural reserves, 40 museums (house-museums, Local Lore, ethnographic, memorial museums and others), several galleries.
Vasnetsovs Memorial museums in Ryabovo
House-museum of Saltykov-Shchedrin in Kirov
House-museum of Grin in Kirov
Kotelnich Paleontology Museum
Slobodskoy Local Lore Museum
Tsiolkovsky Aviation and Cosmonautics Museum in Kirov
There are 3 professional theatres, 5 concert halls, Philharmonics, circus.
Kirov State Puppet Theatre
Kirov State Youth Theatre
Kirov State Drama Theatre
Uspensky Cathedral in Trifonov Cloister
Troitskaya Church (1770-75)
House-museum of G.S. Shpagin (automatic weapon constructor)
Monument to Shpagin
Kotelnich – an old Russian city, known from 1143.
Kotelnich Paleontology Museum was opened in 1994 with unique collections of perm animal, found at Kotelnich pareiazavr sight.
Kotelnich Local Lore Museum
Peasant History Museum
Other natural sights: Pizhemsky and Bylina reserves, 9 hunting reserves, 3 resorts.
Encarta World Atlas
http://www.gov-vyatka.ru/ - Official Site of the Administration of Kirov Region