Volga Federal District
Komi-Permyak Autonomous Area
Time: Yekaterinburg Time Zone (YEKT/YEKST).
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Federal district: Volga (Privolzhsky) Federal District (Komi-Permyak Okrug, or Permyakia is a territory with special status within Perm Krai, Russia. It was a federal subject of Russia (an autonomous okrug) until December 1, 2005).
Main cities: Pozhva (settlement).
Land and Resources: The Komi-Permyak Autonomous Area is located in the Pre-Urals on the upper Kama River. The area borders on Perm Region in the northeast, east, southeast, and south; Kirov Region in the west; and the Komi Republic in the northwest and north. The Komi-Permyak Autonomous Area is characterized by gently rolling relief. The Northern Urals are located in the north and the Verkhnekamskaya Upland, in the west. Lowlands occupy most of the area. The largest rivers are the Kama and its tributaries, the Kosa, Inva, Veslyana, Lupya, and Leman. Lakes are mainly floodplain lakes. Sphagnum bogs are widespread in the north.
Climate: The climate is continental with cold snowy winters and relatively short summers. Average January temperatures range from -15 °C to -17 °, and average July temperatures, from +17 °C to +18 °C.
Transportation: Kudymkar is a highway junction and has an airport. It is located 100 km north of Mendeleevo railway station. The region`s transportation infrastructure is less developed than in the European part of the country. The transportation system is also poorly connected with Russia`s transportation system.
Kudymkar was founded in the 16th century.
The first museum in Kudymkar was founded in 1920 with the active participation of artist P.I. Subbotin-Permyak. The Gorki Drama Theater was founded in 1931.
Nature in the Komi-Permyak Autonomous Area is rich and varied. Its forests, rivers, cliffs, and caves are a natural storehouse of beauty, unexpected surprises, and marvelous secrets. These treasures are accessible to everyone. At present, there is one state preserve, Basegi, with an area of 19 300 hectares. It includes 19 hunting grounds and 2 departmental territories. More than 350 different natural monuments, nearly 100 natural reserves, several dozen protected natural historical sites, and various conservation, protection, and sanitary zones have been identified.
The Chusovaya River flowing across the Urals through Sverdlov and Perm regions and emptying into the Kama is the most scenic river in the Central Urals.
High riverside cliffs, boundless forests, turbulent rapids, the peace and quiet of the forests, and caves all leave an unforgettable impression.
Along its course, the river traverses several mountain chains that form beautiful rocky riverside cliffs nicknamed "the warriors". An All-Russian tourist route follows the Chusovaya River.
Shipping and timber rafting are well developed on the Kama River, as well as transport and passenger operations; there are also organized tourist cruises. Residents of the Kama area like to relax on their favorite river. They enjoy motorboating, canoeing, windsurfing, swimming, and fishing. Many of the territory`s poets have dedicated poems to the scenic river. Not one of them who visited the Kama even once was unaffected by the beauty of the forest river, its waters, and pensive reaches, or to the big city.
In the Komi-Permyak Autonomous Area you can visit the summit of Spasskaya Mountain, where you can get a good view of a group of columnar rocks separated from the cliffs. Not far from this colonnade, at the very base of the mountain, is a small cave in the form of an oven. Inside is a lake with a constant water level. Ice formations remain intact in the cave even on the hottest summer days. However, you have to be careful of snakes, including poisonous ones. An old birch forest grows on the steep, rubble-strewn slope of Spasskaya Mountain, with occasional pines in low areas. From the summit, you can see how the Slyva River makes a second huge loop from the village of Sylvenskoe to Osinovoe Lake. The river valley bordered by steep mountain slopes is exceptionally beautiful. It was formed by the junction of the Slyva, Iren, Shakva, and Babka rivers. Such river junctions are a rare phenomenon in nature.
Among city architectural monuments is the building of former Stroganov office (1st half of 19 century) and Nikolsky Cathedral (1792-95, architect A.N.Voronikhin), apartment houses constructed by Komi - Permyatsky writer T.P.Fadeyev. Nature sanctuaries: the city park founded by I.Y. Krivoshekov; Red hill (ancient city centre).
Encarta World Atlas
http://kudymkar.psu.ru/ - Official Site of the Administration of Komi-Permyak Autonomous Area