Siberian Federal District
Time: Krasnoyarsk Time Zone (KRAT/KRAST).
Local time now:
Federal district: Siberian Federal District.
Main cities: Achinsk, Borodino, Divnogorsk, Eniseysk, Zelenogorsk, Zheleznogorsk, Igarka, Kansk, Norilsk.
Land and Resources: The krai lies in the middle of Siberia, and belongs to Siberian Federal District, stretching 3,000 km from Sayan Mountains on the south along the Yenisei river to Taymyr Peninsula in the north. It shares borders with Tyumen, Tomsk, Irkutsk, and Kemerovo Oblasts, the Khakass, Tyva, and Sakha Republics, and Kara Sea and Laptev Sea of the Arctic Ocean on the north. It is the second largest Russian region after the Sakha Republic, occupying an area of 2,339,700 square kilometers (903,400 sq mi), which is 13% of the country`s total territory (about the size of Algeria).
The krai is located in the basin of the Arctic Ocean. The main rivers of the krai are the Yenisei, and its tributaries (from South to North): the Kan, the Angara, the Podkamennaya Tunguska, and Nizhnyaya Tunguska. Some rivers of Taymyr Peninsula (the Khatanga, the Taymyr) run directly into the Arctic Ocean. The highest point of the krai is Grandiozny Peak in East Sayan Mountains that rises up to 2,922 meters (9,587 ft).
Climate: The climate is strongly continental with big variations of temperature during one year. For the central and southern regions where most of the krai`s population lives long winters and short, hot summers are characteristic. The territory of Krasnoyarsk krai experiences conditions of three climate belts: Arctic, Sub-Arctic, and moderate. While on the north there are less than 40 days with temperature higher than 10 °C (50 °F), on the south there are about 110–120 such days. The average temperature of January is −36 ℃ (−32.8 ℉) in the north and −18 ℃ (−0.4 ℉) in the south. The average temperature of July is 10 ℃ (50 ℉) in the north and 20 ℃ (68 ℉) in the south. Snow covers the central regions of the krai since early November till late March. Permafrost is widespread, especially in the north.
Transportation: Krasnoyarsk is an important junction on the Trans-Siberian Railway. There are also highway, water and air connections with other regions. There is a river port in Krasnoyarsk, Enisey port; a sea port in Igarka. There are also 26 airports including a large international airport Emelyanovo in Krasnoyarsk. Public transport in Krasnoyarsk consists of buses, trolleybuses, trams, city electric trains (S-Bahn) and river buses in summer.
Krasnoyarsk is the third largest city in Siberia. The city was founded in July of 1628 as a Russian border fort.
There are a number of historical buildings in Krasnoyarsk, the oldest of them is the Intercession Cathedral. Other locally significant samples of Russian Orthodox architecture are the Annunciation Cathedral, the St. Trinity Cathedral, John the Baptist Church (former episcopal residence), and the new Michael the Archangel Church.
On the top of the Karaulnaya hill, originally a pagan shrine, later occupied by the Krasnoyarsk fort watchtower, the St. Paraskeba Chapel still stands. The chapel, displayed on the 10-ruble note, is one of iconic images of the city. The chapel was abandoned and fell into disrepair during the Soviet era and only when the Perestroyka came it had been regained by the Yenisei bishopric.
Another unofficial symbol of Krasnoyarsk is the incomplete 24 storey tower located at Strelka. Construction of the tower had been started just before Perestroyka and then frozen due to the administrative crisis. The outline of the tower is clearly seen from many places in the city.
A bridge near Krasnoyarsk carries the Trans-Siberian Railway across the Yenisei. This structure, one of the longest at the time, was constructed between 1893 and 1896 to an award-winning design by Lavr Proskuryakov. When approved for the inscription on the World Heritage List in 2003, the bridge was described by the UNESCO as "an early representation of a typical parabolic polygonal truss bridge in Russia" which became "a testing ground for the application of engineering theories and the development of new innovative solutions, which had numerous successors".
Among other notable buildings are the mansions of the merchant Nikolay Gadalov (beginning of the 20th century), the Roman-Catholic Transfiguration Chapel (also known as the Krasnoyarsk Organ Hall), the Krasnoyarsk Krai Museum stylized as an Ancient Egyptian temple, the Krasnoyarsk Cultural/Historical Center and the triumphal arch at the Spit (2003), the regional administration building flanked with two towers known as the "Donkey Ears".
There are a number of 2-storey wooden houses in the city built mostly in the middle of the 20th century as temporary habitations. Many urbanized villages located inside the city keep the remnants of the traditional Russian village architecture: wooden houses with backyards, many somewhat dilapidated now but still inhabited.
There are several museums in Krasnoyarsk. Krasnoyarsk zoo is a major attraction for residents and tourists.
In the krai there are 45 museums, with total number of about one million objects stored there.
The Kranoyrask dam is pictured on Russian ten-ruble note and is a popular attraction for tourists.
There are a number of local holidays celebrated annually in Krasnoyarsk. The most significant holiday is the Day of the City celebrated in June, usually with the carnival. Other holidays and cultural events are: the Mana Festival usually held on last weekend in June with the traditional bard contest, the International Museum Biennale traditionally held in the Krasnoyarsk Cultural/Historical Center, the avant-garde Museum Night festival dedicated to the International Museum Day (May 18), the Jazz on Yenisey festival, the Stolbist Day held many times a year celebrating the traditions of mountain climbing in the Stolby national reserve, the Bikers` Rally.
Krasnoyarsk has a number of local television companies and the highly-developed telecommunications, many districts of the city have LAN-based broadband Internet access.
The most popular place of attraction for tourists visiting Krasnoyarsk is the huge national nature reserve Stolby (Pillars in Russian) or the Rock Pillars. Stolby covers an area of 470 km² (181 mile²) with numerous giant granite rocks formations up to 100 meters high, many of very extraordinary shapes. Stolby is also a major rock climbing location, many local climbers intentionally do not use any belaying equipment and call their extreme sport "stolbizm", which is known around the world as solo climbing.
Other popular showplaces include the Krasnoyarsk Hydroelectric Power Station dam, the Karaulnaya Gora hill with the Paraskeva Pyatnitsa Chapel, museums, theaters, etc.
Philharmonic societyl, Krasnoyarsk
the Lion – a city symbol of Krasnoyarsk
Paraskeva Pjatnitsy's Chapel, Krasnoyarsk
children's railway, Krasnoyarsk
Monument to V.I.SurikovSources:
Encarta World Atlas