Siberian Federal District
Time: Omsk Time Zone (OMST/OMSST).
Local time now:
Federal district: Siberian Federal District.
Main cities: Isil`kul`, Kalachinsk, Nazyvaevsk, Tara, Tyukalinsk.
Land and Resources: Omsk Oblast is located in southwestern Siberia. It has an area of 139,700 km². Omsk Oblast is bordered by Kazakhstan in the south, Tyumen Oblast in the west and on the north, and Novosibirsk and Tomsk Oblasts in the east. The major water artery is the navigable Irtysh River. Omsk Region is located in the southern part of the West Siberian Plain midway along the Irtysh River. Its surface is a rolling plain; ridged uplands (crests) are typical of the southern half of the region, while broad expanses of swamp are characteristic of the north. There are also many lake basins and sinks. The river network is sparse in the south and fairly dense in the north; the rivers are mainly snow-fed and have a pronounced spring runoff. Lakes in the south are mostly saline, while those in the north are generally fresh.
Climate: The region has a moderately cold continental climate with long, severe winters and short summers. The average January temperature is about -20°C, and the average July temperature is +20°C.
Transportation: Situated on the banks of the north-flowing Irtysh, at its confluence with the Om River, on both branches of the Trans-Siberian railway, it is the cross-junction of highways in the central part of Russian Federation. Passenger and freight boats along the Irtysh and the Ob Rivers provide connection from coal and mineral-mining towns in Kazakhstan, as well as oil, natural gas and lumber-rich northern Siberia. Scheduled and charter flights link Omsk Tsentralny Airport with multiple domestic and international (primarily, German) destinations, making it an important air gateway to Siberia and the Far East. Public transport consists of buses, trolleybuses, trams, marshrutkas.
Omsk is the second-largest city in Russia beyond the Urals. Omsk is the administrative center of Siberian Cossacks, the see of the bishop of Omsk and Tara, and the imam of Siberia.
People of many nationalities who are maintaining and developing their national traditions and cultures live side by side in the region. Omsk Region has more than 970 public political and national cultural organizations, the largest being the Russian cultural center, the Tatar-Bashkir cultural center, the Kazakh branch of the Kazakh-Tili international association, the Prosvita Ukrainian cultural center, the Soglasie and Wiedergeburg German cultural associations, the Shalom Jewish cultural association, the association of Russia Latvians, the Ingermanland Finnish cultural center, and the Luis Armenian cultural center.
The region`s 32 state museums have more than 240 000 unique exhibits, and 60 private museums have 100 000 exhibits. The Vrubel Regional Museum of Fine Arts in Omsk is one of the largest in Siberia and in Russia. Its collection includes more than 10 000 priceless works by Russian, Soviet, and foreign artists. Among its exhibits are a splendid collection of porcelain and paintings by Repin, Kramsky, Surikov, Levitan, Vasnetsov, Vrubel, and Rerikh. The regional historical museum founded in 1878 presents a broad picture of the culture and daily lives of the people of Siberia from Russian settlers and Siberian Tatars to Kazakh cattle herders.
Omsk has long been recognized as the theater capital of Siberia, and many of its actors have performed on Russia`s best stages. The region has seven professional state theaters: the Galerka Drama and Comedy Theater, an academic drama theater, a musical theater, a theater for children and youth, a puppet theater, the Fifth Theater (Pyaty teater) state drama theater, and the L. Ermolaeva Studio drama theater. The academic drama theater was founded in 1947 and since then has won a reputation as one of Russia`s best theaters. The puppet theater opened in 1936, and in 1992 was renamed the Harlequin (Arlekin) State Puppet, Actor, and Mask Theater. The best known amateur group in Omsk is the Lyceum (Litsei) Municipal Theater.
Today, there are 1727 historical and architectural monuments in Omsk Region. One of them is the architectural ensemble known as Lyubinsky Avenue (Prospekt) located on Lenin Street (ul. Lenina) in Omsk. The buildings date from the late 19th and early 20th centuries and are unique for their size, style, and importance to the city`s development. The large buildings of the Moscow Merchant Row (1904) and the Rossiya Hotel with its restaurant (1906) were built on the west side of Lyubinsky Prospekt. A movie theater, the trading houses of the Ovsyannikov brothers and A. Ganshin and Sons, and V. Morozov`s store appeared later. Despite different architectural styles ranging from classicism to modern, the buildings form a single whole with a surprising unity and preserve the silhouette of old pre-Revolutionary Omsk. After Lyubinsky Prospekt was completed, the foreign press spoke of Omsk as the "Chicago of Siberia".
Nikolsky Cathedral (1840) is a unique 19th-century structure where Ermak`s banner is preserved. The original wooden Tobolsk Gate on Tukhachevsky Embankment (nab. Tukhachevskogo) was rebuilt out of brick in 1792. One of the finest 18th-century architectural monuments in Omsk is the Lutheran Church built for foreign Protestants. Spassky Cathedral in the city of Tara is a monument of late 18th-century church architecture and the only religious building in Omsk constructed in the Siberian Baroque style. The Military Assembly building at Partisan Street (ul. Partizanskaya) 12 in Omsk is the last important building of the second Omsk fortress. One of the oldest remaining buildings in the fortress is the Guardhouse at ul. Partizanskaya 14; it is one the finest examples of the baroque style in Siberia.
Another unique architectural monument is a group of four buildings dating from the1910s at the intersection of ul. Lenina and ul. Libkhenkhta. These are the Trading House of the firm Vogau and Co. the building of the Salamander Society the building of the Tver Manufactory, and the building of the Triangle Association. Each individual building is unique in itself, and together they form an urban neoclassical architectural ensemble united by a single style that is rare in Siberia. The Palace of the Governor-General of Western Siberia (1862) at ul. Lenina 23 is called a palace because of its size and splendor.
The largest and most opulent church in the city is the Dormition Cathedral, a pompous five-domed edifice in the Russian Revival style, consecrated in 1896, blown up by the Soviets, and meticulously restored in the early 2000s.
Another area of interest is Nikolsky prospekt/Krasnykh Zor Street, where a line of merchants` wooden houses still stands. The street leads to the Neoclassical cathedral of St Nicholas, which was commissioned by the Cossacks, designed by Vasily Stasov and consecrated in 1840. It contains various relics of the Siberian Cossacks. Various other landmarks are scattered throughout the city.
The major museums in Omsk are the Omsk Vrubel Art Gallery and the State Historical Museum, located in the former bourse building and the governor-general`s mansion, respectively.
Nature reserves and other protected natural sites occupy 7.5% of the region`s total area.
Lenin street (former Lyubinsky avenue), "Moscow" merchant row
Leningrad bridge over the Irtysh
St. Nicholas Cossacks Cathedral
Omsk Drama Theater
the Art Museum of M.Vrubel
Nikolsky the Cossack cathedral
the Monument to the plumber, OmskSources:
Encarta World Atlas
http://www.omskportal.ru/ - Official portal of Omsk Region