Central Federal District
Time: Moscow Time Zone (MSK/MSD).
Local time now:
Federal district: Central Federal District.
Capital: Oryol (Orel).
Main cities: Livny and Mtsensk.
Land and Resources: It is located in the southwestern part of the Central Federal District. Kaluga and Tula Oblasts border it in the north. Bryansk Oblast is located to the west, Kursk Oblast—to the south, and Lipetsk Oblast—to the east. From north to south, it extends for more than 150 kilometers (93 mi), and from west to east—for over 200 kilometers (120 mi). It is one of the smallest Russian regions. The oblast lies in the center of the Russian uplands within the steppe.
Climate: The climate is temperate. The average January temperature is −8 °C (17.6 °F) and the average July temperature is 18 °C (64.4 °F).
Transportation: Orel is a road and railroad junction (there are connections with Moscow, Ukraine, Baltic countries, Kursk, Bryansk, Tula, Elets and other regions). Public transport in Orel consists of buses, trolleybuses, trams and river buses.
Orel was founded by Ivan the Terrible as a fortress city in 1566. Today, it is a beautiful modern center with a unique architectural character combining historical and contemporary buildings. The childhood home in Orël of the writer Ivan S. Turgenev is now a museum.
The city of Orel places a great deal of emphasis on arts and crafts. In recent years, the cultural center in Orel has discovered 500 masters of these art forms and has held exhibitions of their work.
Orel observed its 400th anniversary in 1966, and in honor of this event a 20-m-high monument was built with a letter for the generation of 2066 enclosed in its base.
Regional Exhibition Hall unites the region`s artists.
Rare crafts such as woodcarving, basket weaving, macrame, and wonderful lacework and embroidery have been preserved in various villages in the region. The hands of the lacemakers produce patterns in fine, nearly weightless threads that rival the frost patterns on windows in delicacy.
There are 16 museum in the oblast altogether, among them Regional Local Lore Museum (with its branches), Arts Museum, Rusanov`s memorial house-museum are the most popular. There are also home-museums of I. Turgenev, L. Andreev, Т. Leskov, I. Bunin, T. Granovsky.
The names of great people who lived in Orel are immortalized in monuments, memorials, streets and squares, including Museum-diorama “Orel Battle of 1943”.
Today Orel is an acknowledged theatrical capital of Central Russia with its four professional theatres.
Museum-reserve “Spasskoe-Lutovinovo” (Turgenev`s estate)
Regional Local Lore Museum
Museum-Diorama “Orel Battle of 1943”
Turgenev`s Museum with 5 branches
Museum of Orel writers (Fet, Andreev, Novikov, Prishvin and others)
Military Historical Museum
Turgenev Academic theatre
Monument to the Eagle
Piously-Vvedensky female monastery
Bogojavlensky cathedral at the place of the basis of the city
Monument to N.S.Leskov
Encarta World Atlas
http://www.adm.orel.ru - Official Site of the Administration of Orel Region