Southern Federal District
Republic of North Ossetia-Alania
Time: Moscow Time Zone (MSK/MSD). UTC offset is +0300 (MSK)/+0400 (MSD).
Local time now:
Federal district: Southern Federal District.
Main cities: Alaghir, Ardon, Beslan, Dighora, Mozdok.
Land and Resources: The Republic is located in the northern Caucasus. The northern part of the republic is situated in the Stavropol Plain. 22% of the republic`s territory is covered by forests. The area is 8,000 square kilometers (3,088.8 sq mi). It borders: Kabardino-Balkar Republic (W/NW/N), Stavropol Krai (N), Chechen Republic (NE/E), Republic of Ingushetia (E/SE), Georgia (including South Ossetia) (SE/S/SW). All of the republic`s rivers belong to the basin of the Terek River. Major rivers include: Terek River, Urukh River, Ardon River, Kambileyevka River, Gizeldon River, Fiagdon River, Sunzha River. All of the mountains located on the territory of the republic are a part of the Caucasus. Mount Dzhimara is the highest point (4,780 m), with Mount Ulipata being the second highest (4,638 m).
Climate: Climate is moderately continental. Average January temperature is −5°C. Average July temperature is +24°C.
Transportation: There is an airport in Vladikavkaz. Overall, the transport infrastructure is well-developed, with railroads and automobile roads being the principal means of transportation. The famous Georgian Military Road connects Vladikavkaz with Transcaucasia. The city is served by the bus network (marshrutkas). There are also tram (since the beginning of the 20th century) and trolleybus networks. There is railway terminal (vokzal) in Vladikavkaz.
The city of Vladikavkaz was founded in 1784 as a fortress during the Russian conquest of the Caucasus and was for many years the main Russian military base in the region. From 1931 to 1944 and from 1954 to 1990 its name was Ordzhonikidze (after Sergo Ordzhonikidze, a Georgian Bolshevik), and from 1944 to 1954 it was called Dzaudzhikau. Vladikavkaz resumed its old name, which means "Ruler of the Caucasus", in 1990, shortly before the disintegration of the Soviet Union.
There are six professional theaters in North Ossetia-Alania. Also there is Ossetian State Philarmonia.
A monument in Vladikavkaz
Ossetian Church in Vladikavkaz
New Church in Vladikavkaz
Vladikavkaz`s main mosque
In Vladikavkaz, there is a 198 metres tall guyed TV mast built in 1961, which has 6 crossbars with gangways in 2 levels running from the mast structure to the guys.
The nature of Northern Ossetia is magnificent and unique. A splashing stream of Midagrabin Waterfall, dignified immovable flow of the" ice river"; a Karaughom glacier, mysterious "Grotto of the Black knight"... Ossetia is an open-air museum, filled with numerous historical- architectural exhibits like cave stockades, ruins of medieval guard walls and towers, temples, camps of prehistoric people discovered by archeologists and multiple traces of Coban culture. Several millenniums this place was a crossroad for many migrating nations, and each one has left its traces on this ancient land.
Those who are fond of great outdoors will sure love North Ossetia. They will be able to find trails to any taste here. One could just range through the woods with a backpack on his shoulders, or climb the mountains, or explore dark and mysterious labyrinths of caves, or, if it`s a risk lover, take kayak or canoe and go down the rivers Terek or Urukh.
North-Ossetian State Drama Theatre
Russian Drama Theatre
State Digora Drama Theatre
North-Ossetian State Music Theatre
State Theatre “Narty”
North-Ossetian Theatrical Museum
Republic`s Arts Museum
North-Ossetian State Museum of History, Architecture and Literature
House-museum of Khetagurov
History Museum of Vladikavkaz
Museum of Ossetian Literature
House-museum of Kirov
Local Lore Museum, Alaghir
Local Lore Museum, Mozdok
Encarta World Atlas
http://www.rso-a.ru/ - Official website