Far Eastern Federal District
Time: Vladivostok Time Zone (VLAT/VLAST). UTC offset is +1000 (VLAT)/+1100 (VLAST) (Sakhalin Island) Magadan Time Zone (MAGT/MAGST). UTC offset is +1100 (MAGT)/+1200 (MAGST) (Kuril Islands).
Local time now:
Federal district: Far Eastern Federal District.
Main cities: Aleksandrovsk-Sakhalinskiy, Korsakov, Nevelsk, Kholmsk.
Land and Resources: Sakhalin Oblast comprises the island of Sakhalin and Kuril Islands. The oblast has an area of 87,100 km². Some territories of Sakhalin Oblast (four islands, the southern ones of Kuril archipelago) are claimed by Japan. Sakhalin is separated from the mainland by the narrow and shallow Mamiya Strait or Strait of Tartary, which often freezes in winter in its narrower part, and from Hokkaidō, (Japan) by the Soya Strait or Strait of La Pérouse. Sakhalin is the largest island of Russia. Nearly two-thirds of Sakhalin is mountainous. The Western Sakhalin Mountains peak in Mount Ichara, 1481 m (4860 ft), while the Eastern Sakhalin Mountains`s highest peak is Mount Lopatin 1609 m (5279 ft) is also the island`s highest mountain. The main rivers are the Tym, navigable by rafts and light boats, with numerous rapids and shallows, and enters the Sea of Okhotsk; the Poronai River. Three other small streams enter the wide semicircular Gulf of Aniva or Higashifushimi Bay at the southern extremity of the island. The northernmost point of Sakhalin is Cape of Elisabeth on Shmidt Peninsula, Cape Crillon is the southernmost point of island.
Climate: Owing to the influence of the raw, foggy Sea of Okhotsk, the climate is quite cold, though still considerably less so than inland Siberia. At Dui the average yearly temperature is only 0.5° C (32.9° F) (January -15.9° C; July 16.1° C), 1.7° C at Kusunai and 3.1° C at Aniva (January, −12.5° C; July, 15.7°C). At Alexandrovsk-Sakhalinsky near Dui the annual range is from 27° C (80.6° F) in July to −39° C (−38.2° F) in January, while at Rykovsk in the interior the minimum is −45° C (−49° F). Thick clouds for the most part shut out the sun; while the cold current from the Sea of Okhotsk, aided by north-east winds, brings immense ice-floes to the east coast in summer.
Transportation: Transport, especially by sea, is an important segment of the economy. Nearly all the cargo arriving for Sakhalin (and the Kuril Islands) is delivered by cargo boats, or by ferries, in railway wagons, through a sea ferry passage at Vanino-Kholmsk. The ports of Korsakov and Kholmsk are the largest and handle all kinds of goods, while coal and timber shipments often go through other ports. In 1999, a ferry service was opened between the ports of Korsakov and Wakkanai, Japan. About 30% of all inland transport volume is realized through railways. Sakhalin has railway lines stretching from Nogliki in the north to Korsakov in the south. There is also a departmental narrow-gauge line at Nogliki–Okhas. With the existence of a ferry serving Vanino-Kholmsk, Sakhalin has railway connection with the railway network of the rest of Russia. The railways are only now being converted from the Japanese 1067-millimeter (3`-6") gauge to the Russian 1520-millimeter (5`) gauge. All mainland rolling stock is regauged at Holmsk. The original Japanese D51 steam locomotives were used by the Soviet Railways until 1979.
Sakhalin is connected by regular flights to Moscow, Khabarovsk, Vladivostok, and other cities of Russia. Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk Airport has regularly scheduled international flights to Hakodate, Japan and Seoul and Busan, Korea. There are also charter flights to the Japanese cities of Tokyo, Niigata, and Sapporo and the Chinese cities of Shanghai, Dalian, and Harbin. The city was formerly served by Alaska Airlines from Anchorage, Petropavlovsk and Magadan.
Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk is a city on Sakhalin Island, Russia. The city`s other names were Toyohara (豊原), Vladimirovka(1905-1946). The city is on the Susuya River (also called the Black River). The city began as a small Russian settlement called Vladimirovka, founded by convicts in 1882.
One of very few remaining Japanese buildings in Yuzhno Sakhalinsk is one of the most impressive ones as well; it is a museum now.
There are balneal and thermal springs in the Oblast, more than 1000 historical sights, opportunities for Alpine skiing, diving, and sea cruises.
Theatres: Drama Theater, Puppet Theatre.
Sakhalin State Local Lore Museum
Sakhalin regional Arts Museum
Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk Literary Museum of Chekhov`s Book “Sakhalin”
Chekov`s Museum in Aleksandrovsk-Sakhalinsky
Busts: to Golovnin, Kruzenshtern, Nevelskoy.
Monument to Sakhalin Koreans – victims of Japanese militarism
Railway Station (Japanese station was built in 1911)
Memorable sign devoted to the 300th anniversary of discovery of the Kurile Islands`
Monument to Andrey Pervozvanny
Tourist complex “Gorny vozdukh”. Skiing season – from December till April.
Sakhalin botanical garden.
Alekasndrovsk-Sakhalinsky. One of the oldest towns in the region. It was visited by A.P. Chekhov in 1890. Today, the house where the writer stayed, is a museum. One of the sights is a lighthouse built in 1897 on the Capr Jokier.
Korsakov was founded in 1853. There are bueatiful lakes to the east of the city, a history museum and a sea port.
Nevelsk was founded in 1789 and is the longest city in the region.
Okha was founded in 1880. There is a Local Lore Museum with expositions devoted to the life of indigenous population of the region. A church recently built.
Kurile Islands. Volcanoes, geysers, interesting flora and fauna, waterfall Iliya Muromets. Annually 1-2 of September is celebrated as an Independence (liberation) Day of the Kurile.
Encarta World Atlas