Southern Federal District
Time: Moscow Time Zone (MSK/MSD). UTC offset is +0300 (MSK)/+0400 (MSD).
Local time now:
Federal district: Southern Federal District.
Main cities: Nevinnomyssk, Budennovsk, Georgievsk, Mineralnye Vody, Pyatigorsk, and Kislovodsk.
Land and Resources: Stavropol Territory is located in the central Caucasian foothills and on the northern slopes of the Greater Caucasus (Mt. Dombai-Ulgen, elevation 4046 m; Mt. Elbrus, elevation 5642 m) and covers an area of 66 500 km2. It is bounded by many neighbors, including the Republic of North Ossetia, Karbarda-Balkar Republic, and Georgia in the south; Krasnodar Territory in the southwest, west, and northwest; Rostov Region in the north; the Republic of Kalmykia in the north and northeast; the Republic of Dagestan in the east; and the Chechen and Ingush republics in the southeast.
Climate: The submontane location and the proximity of the snowy peaks of the Greater Caucasus on the one hand, and the arid steppes and semidesert of the Caspian coast on the other hand are responsible for the region`s continental climate. The degree of continentality of the climate, that is, the variability of temperature and atmospheric humidity during the year, decreases with increasing elevation from northeast to west. The southern zone is the most favorable according to medical climatology data. The climate of Kislovodsk and its surroundings is distinguished by a large number of sunny days, light winds, and low atmospheric and partial oxygen and water vapor pressures. The air is clean and clear. The resort areas of Essentuki, Pyatigorsk, and Zheleznovodsk are in a warm climatic zone with moderate precipitation. The average July temperature is 22 °C, and the average January temperature is 4.5 °C. The average annual temperature here is higher compared with the southern zone, relative humidity is 65-71%.
Transportation: The sea and land routes connecting Russia with the countries of the Transcaucasus, Middle East, and Southeast Asia are very important. The transportation sector includes all forms of modern long-distance and industrial transport. The Moscow-Baku and Rostov-Krasnodar-Tuapse-Sochi railway lines run through the region. The main navigable waterways are the Azov-Black Sea Basin-Azov-Don Canal, and the Don River. The city of Stavropol relies on air transport ( Shpakovskoye airport), rail, and highway connections to other Russian cities.
The Stavropol Territory is famous for medical mineral springs. This area houses a world famous recreational complex which is called Kavkazskie Mineralny Waters. The cities of Pyatigorsk, Zheleznovodsk, Lermontov, Essentuki, Mineralnye Vody, and other centers known for their mineral springs are located in this area. The base of Dzhinal Ridge has been turned a resort park with a variety of local tree and shrub species, guided trails, and recreation centers.
There are huge numbers of ancient settlement sites, barrows (kurgans), and burial grounds in the valleys of the Egorlyk, Kuma, Tomuzlovka, and Tashla rivers and their tributaries; the areas of Kislovodsk Basin and Caucasian Mineral Waters are also considered special archeological sites. The Golden Horde city of Madjar, the capital of the North Caucasus in those days, was located on the site of Budennovsk.
Today, 3 theaters, 3 concert organizations, 644 clubs, 9 cultural and recreational parks, 37 museums operate in Stavropol Territory. There are 1185 cultural monuments in the region, including 115 of federal significance.
The Uspenskaya and Andreevskaya churches, a chapel in Pyatigorsk`s old cemetery, a Catholic church in Pyatigorsk, a mosque in Stavropol, and other religious buildings are protected by the government.
Griboedov, Pushkin, Lermontov, Tolstoy, Alyabiev, Balakirev (both 19th century Russian composers), and Vereshchagin (Russian artist of the late 19th century) all visited Stavropol in their time and contributed enormously to the city`s cultural development. The first Russian theater in the Caucasus was founded here in 1845. The Stavropol Botanical Gardens founded in 1959 are also of great significance.
Kislovodsk. Abundant sunshine and greenery, medicinal water, natural and historical monuments, and high mountain peaks attract tourists and vacationers to Kislovodsk, Russia`s oldest resort. Kislovodsk Resort Park is unique and beautiful with pines, towering silvery firs, larches, and giant beeches and hornbeams. An aerial cableway operates in the park, with a marvelous view of the city and the Caucasus Mountains from its upper station. There are 70 km of walking trails leading through groves and lanes, with numerous cafes, bars, and pavilions along the way for your enjoyment. Besides the resort park, you can relax in the City Park of Culture and Rest, and if you want to swim or suntan, you can go to the old or new lakes. The regional museum, the dacha of the singer Chaliapin, the museum house of the artist Yaroshenko, and tours of the city will help acquaint you with the city and its celebrities. If you like to travel and sit by a campfire, you have a choice of horseback-riding and hiking trails in the Caucasus Mountains.
Stavropol was founded in 1777 as a military encampment and designated as a city in 1785. The city has one the biggest and best city parks in Russia. In September of 2000 a Stone Cross was erected on the Fortified Hill “Krepostnaya Gora” to commemorate the foundation of the city and in honour of the third millennium. In 2002 Stavropol marked its 225-yh anniversary. A new square with a monument of angel the Savior was built in honour of this important event.
Stavropol krai state museum named after G.N. Prozritelev and G.K.Prave
Museum of Cossacks history
Museum - manor of the academician artist V.I. Smirnov
P.M. Grechishkin landscapes picture gallery
Archeological and Natural Museum - Reserve " Tatarskoe gorodische "
Stavropol Krai Museum of the Fine Arts
Stavropol krai zooexotarium
A symphonic orchestra, the vocal ensemble "Strizhament", a chamber chorus
The Museum devoted to the Second World War of 1941-1945 "Pamyat"
Municipal chamber theatre
State circus (Rosgostsirk)
City park "Central "
City park " Pobedy "
Ancient Settlement Site “Buchinka”
Memorial Complex. “Krepostnaya Gora” (Fortified Hill)
Memorial “Glory Forever”, 1967
Military Hospital, first in the Caucasus, where N.I. Pirogov – a famous surgeon – worked (1844-1847)
Residence of the Meseniakin Merchants. 1878
Residence of Merchant Mitin. 1897-1898
Regional Museum – one of the first museums in the North Caucasus. 1873
Memorial Complex. “Krepostnaya Gora” (Fortified Hill)
Boulevard, described by Leo Tolstoy in his works (General Ermolov Boulevard). 1839
Remains of the fortress walls, shell rock, 1977
Memorial Complex “Cold Spring”. 1972
Cathedral of Andrey Pervozvanny. 1897
Theatre of the Meseniakin brothers. 1910
The Church of the Blessed Virgin`s Assumption. 1849
Bust of A.V. Suvorov. 1976
Sculpture of A.M. Gorky. 1954
Ancient Settlement “Varvarinskoe”. I m. B.C. Central Stavropol, Mayakovskogo sqr.
Ancient Settlement Lysaya Gora. I m. B.C. Northwest part of the mountain Lysaya; Tamanskaya Dacha forest
Ancient Settlement Mamayskoe. I m. B.C. South Stavropol. At the junction of the river Mamayka and the stream Karabin
Settlement Pavlova Dacha. I m. B.C. South Stavropol. Reservation area Pavlova Dacha
Ancient Settlement Tashlianskoe. IV-I m. B.C. Vavilova str.; Training Centre ”Dynamo”
Ancient Settlement Tashlianskoe. II-I m. B.C. Tamanskaya Dacha Forest. Left Bank of the river Tashla
Ancient Settlement Chapaevskoe. I m. B.C. Northwest Stavropol. 1, 2 km east of Chapaeva str., left bank of the river Tashla
Military Hospital where M.Y. Lermontov was treated. Early XIX century
State Historical-Cultural Reservation Area “Krepostnaya Gora”. 1777. Neighbourhood Oktyabrsky, Krepostnaya Gora
Church Krestovozdvizhenskaya. 1848
Theatre Public Garden. The 50-60s of XX century
State Native Historical-Cultural Territory “Babina Roscha”. Middle XIX century. Leninsky District. Central Park of Culture and Entertainment
Complex Historical-Cultural and Natural-Reserve Territory “Pavlova Dacha”. Leninsky District:
Old Park. Middle XIX century
Historical-Cultural and Natural-Reserve Territory “Bibertova Dacha”. Middle XIX century. Oktiabrsky District.
Complex Historical-Cultural and Natural-Reserve Territory “Rtischeva Dacha”. Middle XIX century. IV millennium B.C. – I millennium A.D. Oktiabrsky District.:
Ancient Settlement Site with Remnants of Late Stone Age, Early Iron Age, and Middle Ages. IV millennium B.C. – I millennium A.D.
Historical-Cultural and Reserve Territory “Convent Ioanno-Mariinsky”. 1847
Church of Seraphima the Martyr (refectory)
Synagogue. Late XIX.
Roman-Catholic Church. 1843
Historical-Cultural and Reserve Territory “Botanical Gardens”. Promyshlenny District
Cemetery Uspenskoe – Memorial Park “Necropolis”. Middle XIX-Early XX cc.
Encarta World Atlas
http://gubernator.stavkray.ru - Official site of the governor of Stavropol Territory