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флагUrals Federal District
Sverdlovsk region






Time: Yekaterinburg Time Zone (YEKT, UTC+5 / YEKST UTC+6).
Local time now:

Federal district: Urals Federal District.
Capital: Yekaterinburg.
Main cities: Nizhny Tagil, Kamensk-Uralsky, Pervouralsk, and Serov.

GISMETEO: Weather forecast Ekaterinburg

Land and Resources: Most of the oblast lies on the Eastern slopes of the Middle and North Urals and the Western Siberian Plain. Only in the southwest does the Sverdlovsk oblast stretch onto the Western slopes of the Ural Mmountains. The highest mountains all rise in the North Urals (Konzhakovsky Kamen` at 1,569 m and Denezhkin Kamen at 1,492 m). The Middle Urals is mostly hilly country with no discernible peaks; the mean elevation is closer to 300-500 m above the sea level. Principal rivers include the Tavda, the Tura, the Chusovaya, and the Ufa, the latter two being tributaries of the Kama. Sverdlovsk Oblast borders on, clockwise from the West, Russia`s Perm Krai, Komi Republic, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug, Tyumen Oblast, Kurgan, and Chelyabinsk Oblasts, and the Republic of Bashkortostan. Sverdlovsk Region has 18 414 rivers, 2500 lakes, slurry and ash gathering ponds and toxic water settling ponds.
Climate: The area enjoys continental climate patterns, with long cold winters (average temperatures reaching 15 to 25 degrees below zero on the Western Siberian Plain) and short warm summers. Only in the SE of the oblast do temperatures reach 17 degrees in July. Summer snow is not an unusual occurrence, giving birth to the local reference to a "short, little-snowy summer in the Urals". Due to the city`s location and different winds the weather is very unstable from day to day and from year to year.
Transportation: Sverdlovsk Region is located at the intersection of major transportation routes between eastern and western Russia. Yekaterinburg, still called by its Soviet name Sverdlovsk in rail timetables, is an important railway junction on the Trans-Siberian Railway, with lines radiating to all parts of the Urals and the rest of Russia. Yekaterinburg`s public transit network includes the Yekaterinburg Metro which was opened in 1991, and many streetcar (tram), bus, and trolleybus routes. Yekaterinburg has two airports, one for local air traffic and the other for cargo and passenger service in Russia and the CIS (38 routes), as well as for international flights.

The city of Yekaterinburg was founded as a factory fortress on the Iset River in 1723. An unusual combination of architectural and historical rarities distinguishes Yekaterinburg`s cultural legacy and gives the city its own unique character. With more than 600 historical and cultural monuments, Yekaterinburg has earned the right to be included among Russia`s historic cities. City residents are especially proud of the many museums and theaters. The city celebrated its 275th anniversary in 1998.
Yekaterinburg is a city of theaters, museums, and talented writers, artists, film makers, architects, musicians, and jewelers.
The city enjoys a rich cultural life, which is only natural, since the history of Yekaterinburg`s cultural life goes back to the first years of its existence. A mining museum was opened in 1834. Over time, the museum became one of Russia`s largest repositories of mineral specimens. A meteorological observatory, whose activities were of great practical importance, was established in Yekaterinburg around the same time. In 1843, P.A. Sokolov arrived in the city with his theater company, and a few years later a special building was constructed for it on Glavny Prospekt (now the Oktyabr movie theater). Arts such as cast iron sculpture, graphic arts, and stone cutting flourished.
The large collections assembled by the Natural History Society became the foundation for the resources of the regional local history museum, which celebrated its 125th anniversary in 1996.
Hundreds of architectural monuments are evidence of Yekaterinburg`s complex history. Many of these monuments are considered masterpieces of world architecture and town planning. The outstanding architectural solutions of the 19th and 20th centuries are also worth noting.

Yekaterinburg is famous for its theaters among which there are some very popular theater companies: Yekaterinburg Academic Ballet and Opera Company, Sverdlovsk Academic Theater of Musical Comedy (legendary company known in Russia and in ex-soviet republics as Sverdlovskaya muzkomedia), Yekaterinburg Academic Dramatic Theater, Yekaterinburg Theater for Young Spectators, Volkhonka (popular chamber theater), Kolyada Theater (chamber theater founded by Russian playwright, producer and actor Nikolai Kolyada). Yekaterinburg is the center of New Drama - movement of contemporary Russian playwrights: Nikolai Kolyada, Vasily Sigarev, Konstantin Kostenko, Presnyakov brothers, Oleg Bogayev. Yekaterinburg is also often called capital of contemporary dance for a number of famous contemporary dance companies residing in the city: Kipling, Provincial Dances, Tantstrest with a special department of contemporary dance at the Yekaterinburg University of Humanities.

In Yekaterinburg there are more than 30 museums, among which: several museums of ural minerals and jewellery, some art galleries, one of the largest collections of Kasli mouldings (traditional kind of cast-iron sculpture in the Urals), the famous Shigirskaya Kladovaya - Shigir Collection including the oldest wood sculpture in the world - the Shigir Idol found near Nevyansk and estimated to be made about 9,000 years ago).
Yekaterinburg has also a circus building.
In Yekaterinburg, there is one of the tallest incomplete architectural structures in the world, the Yekaterinburg TV Tower.
An old church (built 1792-1818)
Statue of the city founders – Vasily Tatishchev and Georg Wilhelm de Gennin
A Neo-Palladian palace (built 1794-1820).


Памятник основателям города Вильгельму де Геннину и Василию Татищеву

Statue of the city founders – Vasily Tatishchev and Georg Wilhelm de Gennin

Уральский государственный университет

The Ural state university


Encarta World Atlas - Official Site of the Government of Sverdlovsk Region

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