Central Federal District
Time: Moscow Time Zone (MSK/MSD). UTC offset is +0300 (MSK)/+0400 (MSD).
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Federal district: Central Federal District.
Main cities: Rzhev, Vyshny Volochek, Kimry, and Torzhok.
Land and Resources: Tver Region is located in the central part of the East European Plain and is one of the largest regions in European Russia. It borders on Smolensk Region in the south, Novgorod Region in the west, Volgograd Region in the north, and Moscow Region in the east. Tver Oblast is an area of lakes, such as Seliger and Brosno. Much of its area is occupied by the Valdai Hills, where the Volga, the Western Dvina, and the Dnieper have their source.
Climate: The climate is temperate continental with an average January temperature of -9 °C, an average July temperature of +17 °C. The terrain is flat.
Transportation: Tver is a river port on the Volga and a large railway station with connections to Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Rzhev, and two important highways “Scandinavia” and “Baltiya”. There are two airports in Tver. Bologoye is an important railway junction. Public transport consists of trams, trolleybuses, buses and marshrutkas.
There are many historic towns: Torzhok, Toropets, Zubtsov, Kashin, Vyshny Volochyok, and Kalyazin. The oldest of these is Rzhev, primarily known for the Rzhev Battles of the World War II. Staritsa was a seat of the last appanage principality in Russia. Ostashkov is a major tourist centre.
The city of Tver was known as Kalinin from 1931 to 1990.
The large numbers of historical, archeological, architectural, and cultural monuments bear witness to Tver`s vital activity from ancient times to the present. Tver Region is especially rich in monuments of the 13th-20th centuries. Fourteen cities in the region have been granted the status of "Monument to Town Planning". Fascinating walking, cycling, automobile, boat, and other tours have been developed for tourists.
Lovers of antiquity will be interested in learning about Tver`s monasteries. The oldest of these are Boris and Gleb (12th century) and Otoroch-Uspensky (13th century). Nil`s Hermitage, which marked its 400th anniversary in 1994, is an especially revered religious center.
Tver has 42 Orthodox churches and 1 Lutheran church. The buildings of 21 of these churches have been preserved, most of them built in the 13th-19th centuries. Transfiguration Cathedral, where the remains of the sainted Grand Prince Mikhail Yaroslavovich, killed by Tatar-Mongol forces in 1318, lie in a silver sepulcher, is unusually beautiful. The 14th century Church of the Holy Trinity is eyecatching with its silver cupolas and regal carved iconostasis gate. A mosque was opened in the city center in the late 19th century.
One of the city`s most interesting historical monuments is the imperial palace (formerly Putevoi Palace, now the governor`s residence) built in 1763 during the reign of Catherine the Great. Emperor Alexander I was a frequent visitor, and writer Nikolai Karamzin read the first chapters of his book History of the Russian State to him here. Today, there is a historical museum in one wing of the palace, where Stone Age tools, articles excavated from archeological digs, and other ancient objects, such as crosses, icons, coins, and textiles.
Another beautiful building preserved in the city center is the Tver Gymnasium (now the premises of a medical school and a workers` educational center) on Millionnaya St. Well-known writer Ivan Lazhechnikov was director of the gymnasium from 1831 to 1837. He was the author of the historical novels The Last Courtier, The Palace of Ice, and The Heretic and later vice-governor of Tver.
A beautiful columned hall adorns the building of the Assembly of the Nobility (now the Officers` House) dating from 1841. It was the creation of the famous architect Carlo Rossi and sculptor Ivan Vitali.
A monument to Russian explorer and narrator Afanasy Nikitin stands on the left bank of the river across from the city center.
Mikhail Saltykov-Shchedrin (vice-governor from 1860 to 1862) lived in Tver until 1917. The house on Rybatskaya St. where the writer once lived is now a memorial museum.
Fable writer Ivan Krylov served on the Tver city council in his younger years; and Fedor Dostoevsky stopped in Tver for several months in 1859 while returning from exile in Siberia.
Other famous Tver natives include aircraft designer Andrei Tupolev (1888-1972), writer Boris Polevoi (Kampov; 1908-1981), and Stalinist ideologue Andrei Zhdanov (1898-1948).
Central square ofTver
St. Michael Tverskogo's Temple
In the centre of Torzhok
the Complex of the Borisoglebsky monastery
Torzhok, wooden church Rises (XVIII-th century)
Encarta World Atlas
http://www.region.tver.ru - Official Site of the Administration of Tver Region