Southern Federal District
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Southern Federal District is one of the seven federal districts of Russia. It is located in the extreme southwest, between Ukraine and Kazakhstan. Its northern portions are part of the Pontic-Caspian steppe, while the southern parts include the Forecaucasus and the Northern Caucasus. Its population was 22,907,141 in the 2002 census, living on an area of 589,200 km² (38.9/km²). The largest cities of the district are Rostov-on-Don and Volgograd with just above one million inhabitants each, Krasnodar, Stavropol, Astrakhan, Sochi, Makhachkala, Vladikavkaz, Taganrog, Nalchik. There are 132 cities altogether.
Rostov-on-Don is the center of the District.
The Southern Federal District was established in 2000 by president Vladimir Putin. Historically, the region was part of Scythia, comprising Scythia Sindica and the Maeotian marshes. Major rivers are the Don, the lower Volga, and the Kuban. It was also inhabited by the Khazars, and the city of Astrakhan was likely named for a Khazar general, Ras Tarkhan.
Subdivisions with their respective capitals or administrative centers are the following:
Republic of Adygea (Maykop);Astrakhan Oblast (Astrakhan);Chechen Republic (Grozny);Republic of Dagestan (Makhachkala); Republic of Ingushetia (Magas); Kabardino-Balkar Republic (Nalchik); Republic of Kalmykia (Elista); Karachay-Cherkess Republic (Cherkessk); Krasnodar Krai(Krasnodar); Republic of North Ossetia-Alania (Vladikavkaz); Stavropol Krai (Stavropol); Rostov Oblast (Rostov on Don); Volgograd Oblast (Volgograd)
The statue to the Motherland in Volgograd
Gold monastery of Buddha Shakjamuni in Elista
Gorge Adylsu in Kabardino-Balkar Republic