Central Federal District
Time: Moscow Time Zone (MSK/MSD).
Local time now:
Federal district: Central Federal District.
Main cities: Alexandrov, Gorokhovets, Gus Khrustalny, Kirzhach, Kovrov, Murom, Suzdal.
Land and Resources: It is located in central European Russia on the Moscow Uplands, the Vladimir Opolye, and the Meshchera Lowlands. The region covers an area of 29 000 km2 and extends 170 km from north to south and 280 km from west to east. It borders on Yaroslavl and Ivanovo regions in the north, Moscow Region in the west and southwest, Nizhny Novgorod Region in the east, and Ryazan Region in the south.
Climate: The climate is moderate continental (+17°C in July and -11°C in January).
Transportation: Vladimir is a railroad junction; the important Moscow-Nizhny Novgorod, Moscow-Yaroslavl, and Moscow-Kazan railway lines pass through its territory, and there are hundreds of rivers, both large and small (the largest are the Oka and Klyazma rivers).
Vladimir was one of the medieval capitals of Russia, and two of its cathedrals are a World Heritage Site.
Vladimir is quite rightly called a museum city. Both Russian and foreign visitors come to admire the beautiful architecture. Here you can visit the many ancient churches and museums and the 12th -century Golden Gate. Another attraction is the still-functioning Bogolyubovsky Monastery of Serafim Sarovsky located in the village of Bogolyubovo on the outskirts of Vladimir. The white stone Church of Pokrova-on-Nerl, a Russian architectural monument built in 1165, is also located here.
Vladimir is also a center with a rich history and cultural traditions. Many famous people lived and worked here, including Andrei Bogolyubsky, Vsevolod "Big Nest" (Bolshoe Gnezdo), and Alexander Nevsky; Russian metropolitans Aleksii and Maksim; the Taneev brothers (the composer and the philosopher); the Stoletov brothers; Admiral M.P. Lazarev; the writers and poets A.I. Gertsen, I.S. Shmelev, and K.D. Balmont; and many, many more. Vladimir residents take great care of their city`s cultural wealth, thus making their contribution to the cultural heritage. Today, celebrated artists, musicians, writers, and recognized creative groups work here.
Modern Vladimir is a part of the Golden ring of the ancient Russian cities and a significant tourist center. Its three chief monuments, White Monuments of Vladimir and Suzdal, inscribed by UNESCO on the World Heritage List, are the following:
The magnificent five-domed Assumption Cathedral was designed as a sepulcher of grand princes and dedicated to the holy icon Theotokos of Vladimir, which had been brought to the city by Andrew the Pious. The cathedral was constructed in 1158–1160, expanded in 1185–1189, and painted by the great Andrei Rublev and Daniil Chyorny in 1408. In 1810, they added a lofty bell-tower in Neoclassical style.
The warrior-like cathedral of St. Demetrius was built in 1194–1197 as a private chapel of Vsevolod the Big Nest in the courtyard of his palace and was consecrated to his holy patron, St. Demetrius. For all its formal unity, the cathedral represents a truly international project of Russian and Byzantine masters, Friedrich Barbarossa`s masons, and carvers sent by Queen Tamar of Georgia.
The Golden Gate, originally a tower over the city`s main gate, was built in 1158–1164. The gate acquired its present form after having been grossly reconstructed in the late 18th century, to prevent the dilapidated structure from tumbling down.
Other remarkable monuments of pre-Mongol Russian architecture are scattered in the vicinity.
Meshchera National Park and the Gusevskoi No. 1 game preserve have been established in order to preserve and partially restore plant life and animal habitats in Vladimir Region.
The Golden Gate
St. Demetrius Cathedral
The Ensemble of the Nativity Monastery
The Princess` Convent
The Church of St. Nicolas at the Galleys
The Trinity Church
The Georgy Church
Mikhail Archangel`s Church
Alexandrov, famous as the principal residence of Ivan the Terrible;
Gorokhovets, rich in 17th-century pre-Petrine architecture;
Gus Khrustalny, a notable centre of glass production;
historic town of Kirzhach;
Kolchugino, a notable centre of tableware and metallurgy production, founded in 1871. Home of Russian podstakannik;
Kovrov, with the site of Starodub-on-the-Klyazma in the vicinity;
Murom, the oldest town in the area, seat of medieval princes, and site of numerous historic monuments;
Suzdal, the town-museum, World Heritage Site and medieval capital of Vladimir-Suzdal;
merchant town of Vyazniki, fine specimens of 17th-century architecture;
Yuriev-Polsky, seat of a medieval principality and site of the 13th-century cathedral.
View of Vladimir
the Uspensky cathedral
Knjaginin female monastery. A cathedral Uspenija Presvjatoj Bogoroditsy
monument toAndrey Rublyov
monument in honour of 850 anniversary of VladimirSources:
Encarta World Atlas
http://www.avo.ru/ - Official site of the Administration of Vladimir Region